Substantively, my research revolves around three questions. First, how do leaders obtain personal reputations––such as reputations for resolve––and what impact do these leader-specific reputations have on international security? Second, how does military service shape elite foreign policy preferences and political behavior? Third, how does the American public perceive the military, and how do these perceptions shape the conduct of U.S. civil-military relations? Across these research programs, I employ a multi-methods approach, including experimental, quantitative, and qualitative research methods, based on the needs of each project’s particular research question. Yet, I maintain a special interest in the use of experimental methods in IR. My research specialties include international security, reputations and coercion, civil-military relations, nuclear weapons policy, foreign policy decision-making, and experimental and multi-methods methods.